277
Carbohydrate Antigens
Denong Wang
Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
1
Classifcations
279
1.1
Microbial Antigens
280
1.2
Alloantigens and Xenoantigens
280
1.3
T-dependent and T-independent Antigens
280
2
Diversity oF Carbohydrates
281
2.1
Composition, Sequences, and Linkages
281
2.2
Conformational Diversity
284
2.3
Biological Complexity
287
3
Sugar Chains as Antigenic Determinants
288
3.1
Sizes of Antigenic Determinants
288
3.2
Types of Carbohydrate Epitopes: Terminal and Internal Structures
289
4
Carbohydrate-protein Interactions
291
4.1
Lectins
291
4.2
Carbohydrate-based Self/nonself Discrimination
292
5
Immune Responses to Microbial Polysaccharides
293
5.1
T-independency of Anti-polysaccharide Responses
293
5.2
Complexity of Anticarbohydrate Responses
294
5.3
Delayed Maturation of Anticarbohydrate Responses
295
6
±uture Prospects
297
Acknowledgment
298
Bibliography
298
Books and Reviews
298
Primary Literature
299
Encyclopedia of Molecular Cell Biology and Molecular Medicine, 2nd Edition
. Edited by Robert A. Meyers.
Copyright
2004 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
ISBN: 3-527-30544-0
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