Anthology of Human Repetitive DNA
297
Tab. 11
Known human protein-coding genes derived from transposable elements.
GenBank ID
Gene name
Related transposon family
Type
pID 7959287
KIAA1513
Tc1/Pogo/Tc2
DNA transposon
pID 7662294
KIAA0766
hAT
DNA transposon
pID 7513096
JRKL
Tc1/Pogo
DNA transposon
pID 7513011
KIAA0543
hAT/Tip100/Tip100
DNA transposon
pID 7243087
KIAA1353
hAT
DNA transposon
pID 7243087
Buster2
hAT
DNA transposon
pID 7021900
hAT/Charlie3
DNA transposon
pID 6581097
Buster3
hAT
DNA transposon
pID 6581095
Buster1
hAT
DNA transposon
pID 6453533
piggyBac/MER85
DNA transposon
pID 4758872
DAP4,pP52
rIPK
hAT/Tip100/Zaphod
DNA transposon
pID 4504807
Jerky
Tc1/Pogo/Tigger4/Zombi
DNA transposon
EST 6986275
Sancho
Tc1/Pogo
DNA transposon
pID 4263748
hAT
DNA transposon
pID 4160548
Tramp
hAT
DNA transposon
pID 3413884
KIAA0461
Tc1/Pogo/Tc2
DNA transposon
pID 3327088
KIAA0637
hAT
DNA transposon
pID 29863
CENP-B
Tc1/Pogo
DNA transposon
pID 2231380
Tc1/Mariner/Hsmar1
DNA transposon
pID 131827
V(D)J recombinase
(RAG1/2)
Tc1/Mariner
DNA transposon
pID 10439762
hAT/Tip100
DNA transposon
pID 10439744
hAT/Tip100
DNA transposon
pID 10439678
hAT
DNA transposon
pID 10047247
KIAA1586
hAT/Tip100
DNA transposon
BAC 4309921
piggyBac/MER85
DNA transposon
BAC 3522927
hAT/Tam3
DNA transposon
NP
776172
Harbinger
DNA transposon
NT
006413
P
DNA transposon
pID 4773880
Syncytin
HERV-W
LTR retrotransposon
pID 1196425
HERV-3 env
HERV-R
LTR retrotransposon
NP
055883
PEG10
Gypsy
LTR retrotransposon
AL117190
Rtl1
Gypsy
LTR retrotransposon
XP
291322
Gypsy
LTR retrotransposon
NP
689907
Gypsy
LTR retrotransposon
XP
293405
Gypsy
LTR retrotransposon
NP
065820
Gypsy
LTR retrotransposon
NP
036449
Gypsy
LTR retrotransposon
Z75407
Gypsy
LTR retrotransposon
recombinase is an ancient gene, possi-
bly derived from the DNA transposase
400 million years ago, syncytin is less
than 5 million years old. Some host pro-
teins listed in Table 11, like syncytin and
Jerky, are entirely derived from proteins
encoded originally by TEs. The remain-
ing protein-coding genes were formed by
the fusion of the preexisting host proteins
with transposon-encoded proteins. Such
fusions might have been initiated by alter-
native splicing.
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