Anthology of Human Repetitive DNA
273
Tab. 5
HERVK-like endogenous retroviruses (class II).
Family
Internal portion
LTRs
Alternative names
HERVK10
HERVK
LTR5
HERV-K(HML-2)
HERVK3
HERVK3I
LTR3, LTR3B
HERV-K(HML-6)
HERVK11
HERVK11I
MER11A, MER11B, MER11C
HML-8
HERVK11D
HERVK11DI
MER11D
HML-7
HERVK9
HERVK9I
MER9
HML-3
HERVK22
HERVK22I
LTR22, LTR22A, LTR22B
HML-5
HERVK13
HERVK13I
LTR13
HML-4
HERVK14
HERVK14I
LTR14A, LTR14B
HML-1
HERVK(C4)
HERVKC4
LTR14
HML-10
HERVK14C
HERVK14CI
LTR14C
HERVK(HML9)
HERVK(HML9)I
HERVK(HML9)
LTR
HML-9
Tab. 6
HERV-L-like endogenous retroviruses (class III).
Family
Repbase update
ENV
Internal portion
LTRs
HERV-L
HERVL
MLT2A1, MLT2A2
ERVL
ERVL
MLT2B1, MLT2B2
HERVL68
HERVL68I
MER68A, MER68B
HERVL74
HERVL74
MER74, MER74A-C
HERV16
HERV16
LTR16, LTR16A, LTR16A1, LTR16C-D
HERV18
a
HERV18
LTR18A, LTR18B
+
HERV32
HERV32
LTR32
HERVL40
HERVL
40
LTR40A, LTR40B, LTR40C
HERV47
HERV47
LTR47A, LTR47B
HERVL66
HERVL66I
LTR66
+
HERV52
HERV52I
LTR52
HERV57
HERV57I
LTR57
HERVL70
MER70I
MER70A, MER70B
THE1B
THE1BR
THE1B
MSTA
MSTAR
MSTA
MLT1
MLT1R
MLT1
MLT1C
MLT1CR
MLT1C
Unknown
Unknown
LTR33, LTR33A, LTR41, LTR42, LTR50, LTR53, LTR67,
LTR69, LTR75, MER54, MER54A, MER54B, MER73,
MER74B, MER88, MaLRs, MLT2-like, MLT1-like
a
This family is also known as HERV-S.
it is several kb long, and encodes a
set of proteins necessary for the retro-
v
i
r
a
ll
i
f
ec
y
c
l
e
.T
h
e
s
ep
r
o
t
e
i
n
sa
r
ee
n
-
coded by the
gag
(g
roup speciFc a
ntig
en),
pro
(pro
tease),
pol
(pol
ymerase), and
env
(env
elope) genes (±ig. 8). Also, some Class
II
and
Class
III
retroviruses
encode
deoxyuridine triphosphatase (dUTPase).
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