576
Chimpanzee Genome
See also
Genetics, Molecular Basis
of;
Genomic
Sequencing
(Core
Article).
Bibliography
Books and Reviews
Bontrop, R.E.
(2001)
Non-human
primates:
essential partners in biomedical research,
Immunol. Rev.
183
, 5–9.
Gagneux, P., Varki, A. (2001) Genetic differences
between
humans
and
great
apes,
Mol.
Phylogenet. Evol.
18
, 2–13.
Goodman, M. (1999) The genomic record of
Humankind’s evolutionary roots,
Am.J.Hum.
Genet.
64
, 31–39.
Hacia, J.G. (2001) Genome of the apes,
Trends
Genet.
17
, 637–645.
Kaessmann, H., Paabo, S. (2002) The genetical
history of humans and the great apes,
J. Intern.
Med.
251
, 1–18.
King, M.C., Wilson, A.C. (1975) Evolution at two
levels in humans and chimpanzees,
Science
188
, 107–116.
Olson, M.V., Varki, A. (2003) Sequencing the
chimpanzee genome: insights into human
evolution and disease,
Nat. Rev. Genet.
4
,
20–28.
Primary Literature
Arnason, U.,
Gullberg, A.,
Janke, A.
(1998)
Molecular timing of
primate divergences
as estimated by two nonprimate calibration
points,
J. Mol. Evol.
47
, 718–727.
Arnason, U.,
Gullberg, A.,
Janke, A.,
Xu, X.
(1996a) Pattern and timing of evolutionary
divergences
among
hominoids
based
on
analyses of complete mtDNAs,
J. Mol. Evol.
43
, 650–661.
Arnason, U., Xu, X., Gullberg, A. (1996b) Com-
parison between the complete mitochondrial
DNA sequences of Homo and the common
chimpanzee based on nonchimeric sequences,
J. Mol. Evol.
42
, 145–152.
Bailey, J.A.,
Gu, Z.,
Clark, R.A.,
Reinert, K.,
Samonte, R.V.,
Schwartz, S.,
Adams, M.D.,
Myers, E.W., Li, P.W., Eichler, E.E. (2002a)
Recent segmental duplications in the human
genome,
Science
297
, 1003–1007.
Bailey, J.A.,
Yavor, A.M.,
Viggiano, L.,
Mis-
ceo, D.,
Horvath, J.E.,
Archidiacono, N.,
Schwartz, S., Rocchi, M., Eichler, E.E. (2002b)
Human-speciFc duplication and mosaic tran-
scripts: the recent paralogous structure of
chromosome 22,
Am
.J
.H
um
.G
e
n
e
t
.
70
,
83–100.
Britten, R.J. (2002) Divergence between samples
of chimpanzee and human DNA sequences
is 5%, counting indels,
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.
U.S.A.
99
, 13633–13635.
Caccone, A., Powell, J.R. (1989) DNA divergence
among hominoids,
Evolution
43
, 925–942.
Casane, D., Boissinot, S., Chang, B.H., Shim-
min, L.C., Li, W. (1997) Mutation pattern vari-
ation among regions of the primate genome,
J. Mol. Evol.
45
, 216–226.
Chen, ±.C., Li, W.H. (2001) Genomic diver-
gences between humans and other hominoids
and the effective population size of the com-
mon ancestor of humans and chimpanzees,
Am
.J
.Hum
.Genet
.
68
, 444–456.
Chou, H.H., Hayakawa, T., Diaz, S., Krings, M.,
Indriati, E., Leakey, M., Paabo, S., Satta, Y.,
Takahata, N.,
Varki, A.
(2002)
Inactivation
of CMP-N-acetylneuraminic acid hydroxylase
occurred prior to brain expansion during
human evolution,
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.
99
, 11736–11741.
Chou, H.H., Takematsu, H., Diaz, S., Iber, J.,
Nickerson, E., Wright, K.L., Muchmore, E.A.,
Nelson, D.L., Warren, S.T., Varki, A. (1998)
A
mutation
in
human
CMP-sialic
acid
hydroxylase occurred after the Homo-Pan
divergence,
P
ro
c
.Na
t
l
.A
cad
.S
c
i
.U
.S
.A
.
95
,
11751–11756.
deGroot,
N.G.,
Otting,
N.,
Doxiadis,
G.G.,
Balla-Jhagjhoorsingh, S.S., Heeney, J.L., van
Rood, J.J., Gagneux, P., Bontrop, R.E. (2002)
Evidence for an ancient selective sweep in the
MHC class I gene repertoire of chimpanzees,
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.
99
, 11748–11753.
Ebersberger,
I.,
Metzler,
D.,
Schwarz,
C.,
Paabo, S. (2002) Genomewide comparison
of DNA sequences between humans and
chimpanzees,
A
m
.J
.H
u
m
.G
e
n
e
t
.
70
,
1490–1497.
Enard, W., Khaitovich, P., Klose, J., Zollner, S.,
Heissig, ±., Giavalisco, P., Nieselt-Struwe, K.,
Muchmore, E.,
Varki, A.,
Ravid, R.,
Doxi-
adis, G.M., Bontrop, R.E., Paabo, S. (2002a)
previous page 1250 Encyclopedia of Molecular Cell Biology and Molecular Medicine read online next page 1252 Encyclopedia of Molecular Cell Biology and Molecular Medicine read online Home Toggle text on/off