552
Chimpanzee Genome
4.3
Chimpanzees and Infectious Diseases
571
4.4
Ethical Considerations
572
5
The Chimpanzee Genome Project
573
5.1
The Quest for Differences
573
5.2
Sequencing Strategy and Requirements
573
5.3
Human, Chimpanzee, and
...
Future Perspectives
575
Bibliography
576
Books and Reviews
576
Primary Literature
576
Keywords
Genetic Distance
An estimate of the amount of nucleotide substitutions between species. Genetic
distance serves as a measure of the time elapsed since two species last shared a
common ancestor.
Great Apes
Collective name for the orangutans (
Pongo pygmaeus
) from Borneo and Sumatra and
for the African apes: chimpanzees (
Pan troglodytes
), bonobos (
Pan paniscus
), and
gorillas (
Gorilla gorilla
).
Lineage Sorting
The distribution of alleles to the daughter populations upon a split of the ancestral
population, for example, during speciation.
Monophyly
A group of species in a phylogenetic tree is monophyletic if all included species are
descendants from a common ancestor to which no other species outside the group can
be traced. Monophyletic groups are also referred to as clades or branches of a
phylogenetic tree.
Phenotype
The complete set of organizational properties of an individual. It resembles the
expressed information encoded in the genotype.
Phylogeny
A hypothesis about the evolutionary relationships of species expressed in a tree. All
parts of a phylogenetic tree are inferred except the tips, which represent extant species
or fossil remains.
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